Qadianis' (Ahmadiyya) Claim of 2 Eclipses in Ramadan
as A Sign of Mahdi Examined

by Syed Khalid Shaukat

Qadianis (Ahmadiyya) attribute the claim of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad being Mahdi based on a writing in a book of Hadith (Dar Qutni) as follows:

Amr bin Shimr narrates from Jabir who told him that Muhammad bin Ali said that for our Mahdi, two signs are given which never occurred in the past from the creation of the heavens and the earth. One is that a lunar eclipse will occur on the first night of Ramadan and the second sign is that a solar eclipse will occur in the middle of Ramadan and these signs had never happened from the creation of the heavens and the earth (Dar Qutni).

Qadianis (Ahmadiyya) assert that a Hadith of the Messenger, Muhammad (SAW) says that the signs of Mahdi is that in his time lunar and solar eclipses will occur in the month of Ramadan and this sign is a clear proof that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani is the real Mahdi according to the (Hadith-e-Nabavi) saying of the Messenger (SAW).

1. The narration mentioned above is definitely not the saying of the Messenger (SAW), as the narrator clearly assigns it as the saying of Imam Muhammad Baqir bin Ali which was written in the book of Dar Qutni. Attributing this to Imam Muhammad Baqir is also wrong as the first narrator mentioned was Muhammad bin Ali not Imam Baqir. There were several narrators by the name Muhammad bin Ali and there is no proof or reason to believe that this person is Imam Baqir. Moreover, Imam Baqir was born 47 years after the death of the Messenger (SAW), and for a narration to be a Hadith, it must have chains of narration going back to the Messenger (SAW). This narration clearly does not go back to Messenger (SAW).

2. "According to its authenticity, this saying attributed to Imam Baqir is extremely weak, outcast, and rejected. Looking at the chain of narration, the second narrator is Amr bin Shimr who has been labeled (in Meezanul-E'tidaal P262) as the big liar, a narrator of weak and fabricated Ahadith, a non-believer of Hadith, a person who uses abusive words for the companions of the Messenger (SAW), the Sahabah (Razi-Allahu unhum ajmaeen), and according to Ilm-ul-Hadith, his narration is not written as Hadith." These are the words of Allamah Shamsuddin Dhahbi (Rahmatullah Alayhe) who was an expert of the Funn-e-Rijaal, art of Men Narrators. Thus, it is clear that this narrator is absolutely not reliable nor trustworthy. So, to present this narration as a Hadith of Rasool (SAW) is not only a great false accusation and a lie but according to Hadith-e-Sahih (agreed upon Hadith, which says, "Whoever lies upon me deliberately and knowingly should know that he has made his abode in Jahannam"), it is making an abode in the Hell fire.

The third narrator is Jabir. There were several narrators by this name, and which Jabir is mentioned here is unknown; someone by this name was known to be a person of unknown parentage or lineage. One among the persons with the name Jabir was Jabir Ja'fi, who was described by Imam Abu-Hanifah (Rahmatullah Alayhe) as "among the liars that I met, no one was bigger liar than Jabir Ja'fi." Remember, that Imam Abu-Hanifah, Imam Baqir, Jabir Ja'fai, and Amr bin Shimr were all born after 47 to 80 years after the death of the Messenger (SAW).

None of the narrators mentioned that they heard this from Sahabah or Rasool (SAW), and the authenticity of these narrators is extremely questionable. Now you can tell, how can such narration be labelled as Hadith, and how can it be worth any discussion and argument.

3. With difficult to believe this case of narration as Hadith, even if we accept it as a saying of Imam Baqir, the biggest sign for Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani being a liar is that in his life time, when lunar and solar eclipses occurred, they were not according to this narration. In his life time, the lunar eclipses occurred on 13th Ramadan, and solar eclipses occurred on 28th Ramadan. And this narration clearly says that lunar eclipse will be on first of Ramadan and solar eclipse in Middle of Ramadan.

Qadianis (Ahmadiyya) acknowledge that according to the divine rules the lunar eclipse always occurs on 13th, 14th or 15th of a lunar month, and solar eclipse always occurs on 27th, 28th, or 29th of a lunar month. Therefore, the words of narration, "FIRST NIGHT OF RAMADAN" means the first of the three possible nights for lunar eclipse meaning 13th night, and the words of narration, "MIDDLE OF RAMADAN" means the middle of the three possible nights for solar eclipse meaning 28th night. And in life time of Mirza Qadiani eclipses occurred on 13th and 28th nights, just according to the saying of Imam Baqar.

1. The words of narration definitely do not contain this foolish and feeble paraphrase or interpretation. The words reported are "FIRST NIGHT OF RAMADAN" and not "FIRST NIGHT FROM THE NIGHTS OF ECLIPSES." Nobody ever says 13th Ramadan as the first night of Ramadan. Similarly the words of narration, "MIDDLE OF RAMADAN" means 15th night and not the 28th night which comes toward the end of Ramadan. This kind of feeble interpretation is the work of dumb, illiterate, and foolish people.

2. This paraphrasing or interpretation by Mirza Qadiani is also absurd, because, in the above mentioned narration, two times is a phrase, "THESE SIGNS NEVER BEFORE HAVE HAPPENED FROM THE CREATION OF HEAVENS AND THE EARTH."

3. This saying would only be true when the meaning is kept according to the face value of the obvious words that lunar and solar eclipses will occur on first night and 15th of Ramadan. Because from the creation of the heavens and the earth, eclipses have never occurred on these dates. Such eclipses on 13th and 28th Ramadan have occurred thousands of times before Mirza Qadiani. As an example, we quote 45 years of eclipses in life time of Mirza Qadiani. In these 45 years, 3 times such combination of eclipses occurred on 13th and 28th (see book by Mr. Keith, "Use of the Globes" and another book, "Hadaiqun-Nujoom"). Both these books list eclipses from the year 1801CE to 1901CE. Out of those a list of 45 years is produced in a book, "Doosri Shahadat-e-Aasmani" written by Sayyid Abu-Ahmad Rahmani. In these 45 years 3 times these pair of eclipses occurred in Ramadan, which also means that it must have happened many times before. Further work on Lunar Eclipses in Ramadan can be found in an article written by David McNaughton, a South African astronomer working in United Arab Emirates, and considered to be an authority on the subject of Lunar theories. Accurate and detailed calculations, using Jean Meeus's Algorithm, performed in 1998 By Khalid Shaukat for the 3 pairs of eclipses in the 45 years mentioned above are reproduced for the readers' convenience in the following table:

Schedule of Eclipses in 45 Years of Mirza's Life

No.EclipseGregorian Date Islamic Date
in India
Time of eclipse in India
Click on Eclipse below to see details
1LunarJuly 13,
1851 CE
Ramadan 13, 1267 AH Starts 11:21
Max. 12:51
Ends 14:22
Lunar Eclipse cannot be seen in Asia, Europe and Africa. It was day time in Qadian and moon was below horizon.Both lunar and solar eclipses were not visible in India. Moreover, this happened before Miraz's claim of Mahdi when he was 11 or 12 years old.
SolarJuly 28,
1851 CE
Ramadan 28, 1267 AHStarts 17:47
Max. 20:04
Ends 22:20
Solar Eclipse was not visible in Qadian, India.
2LunarMarch 21,
1894 CE
Ramadan 14, 1311 AH Starts 18:58
Max. 19:51
Ends 20:44
Lunar Eclipse seen in Qadian after Sunset, which is 14th of Ramadan.This pair of eclipse is against 13th and 28th Ramadan as emphasized by Ahmadis trying to explain the interpretation of alleged Hadith. However, using these eclipses Dr. Alexander Dowie of USA also claimed to be the Messiah.
SolarApril 6,
1894 CE
Ramadan 28, 1311 AHStarts 6:46
Max. 9:24
Ends 12:02
Solar Eclipse was visible in the morning, sunrise in Qadian being 6:11.
3LunarMarch 11,
1895 CE
Ramadan 13, 1312 AH Starts 7:25
Max. 9:10
Ends 10:54
Lunar eclipse not visible in most of Asia. In Qadian, India the moon was set at 6:45 before the eclipse began.Both lunar and solar eclipses were not visible in India.
SolarMarch 26,
1895 CE
Ramadan 28, 1312 AHStarts 14:08
Max. 15:40
Ends 17:10
Solar Eclipse visible in Greenland and England only, not visible in India.

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