Ramadan & Eid in North America
Worldwide Visibility Curves For
According to Fiqh Council of North America

"O you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint." Qur'an 2: 183

The Fiqh Council of North America recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Shar'i method for determining the beginning of Lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA uses the criteria of European Council of Fatwa and Research (ECFR), which are that somewhere on the globe, at the sunset, the elongation should be at least 8 degrees and moon should be at least 5 degrees above horizon. If these conditions are met, The presence of moon above horizon is the basis. Hence the new lunar month will start the next day, otherwise it will start on the day following next.

On the basis of this the dates of Ramadan and Eidul Fitr are established.
May Allah (swt) keep us on the right path, and accept our fasting and prayers. Ameen. For detailed information, please visit: www.fiqhcouncil.org

Ramadan 1443 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on Friday, April 1, 2022 at 6:24 Universal Time. On that day, everywhere in North and South America at sunset the elongation is at least 8 degrees and moon is at least 5 degrees above the sun. Therefore, first day of Ramadan 1443 is on Saturday, April 2, 2022, insha'Allah. Tarawih prayer will start on Friday night.


Eidul-Fitr 1443 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on Saturday, April 30, 2022 at 20:28 UT. Universal Time. On that day there is no place on earth where at sunset the elongation is 8 degrees and moon is 5 degrees above the sun. Therefore Shawwal 1443 cannot start the next day. Hence first day of Shawwal is on Monday, May 2, 2022, insha'Allah.

Ramadan 1444 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on Tuesday, March 21, 2023 at 17:23 Universal Time. On that day, the moon cannot be seen anywhere in the world. On March 22, the moon can be seen with difficulty in Far-East and parts of Europe, but can be seen easily in Africa and Americas. On March 23, it can be seen easily in the whole world. Therefore, first day of Ramadan 1444 is on Thursday, March 23, 2023, insha'Allah. Tarawih prayer will start on Wednesday night.

Eidul-Fitr 1444 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on Thursday, April 20, 2023 at 4:12 UT. Universal Time. On April 20, the moon can be seen with difficulty in USA and parts of Canada. On April 21, it can be easily seen in the whole world. Hence first day of Shawwal is on Friday, April 21, 2023, insha'Allah.

For Eidul Adha, the Fiqh Council of North America decided that the determination of the date of Eidul Adha will be contingent on the announcement by the Hajj authorities in Makkah of the day of 'Arafah, in which case Eidul Adha will be the day following the day of 'Arafah.

Expected dates, for Eidul-Adha, are as follows according to Saudi Ummul-Qura Calendar, which follows the criteria that the month starts if moon is born before sunset at Makkah, and moonset is after sunset at Makkah:
Eidul-Adha 1443 AH:
Saturday, July 9, 2022
Eidul-Adha 1444 AH:
Sunday, June 28, 2023

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