1st Qibla was not Bayt al-Maqdis:
Masjid al-Haraam is 1st and Final Qibla

According to Qur'an, the First Qibla was Bayt al-Haram, Makkah,, built by Prophets Ibrahim & Ismaeel (AS).

Masjid al-Haraam
Click on picture above to see full size.

2nd and Interim Qibla was Bayt al-Maqdis (Al-Aqsa)

Jerusalem (al-Quds) is a city that could embrace all faiths. The part of the city that houses holy sites of Muslims, Christians and Jews is nearly 1000 square kilometers walled in the picture below. Al-Aqsa Mosque (or Masjid Al-Aqsa) did not exist in the Prophet's time. Dome of the rock, (Arabic Qubbat al-Sakhrah) was built between AD 685 and 691 by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Zionist Jews claim that the site of Dome of the Rock was their Temple Mount, originally destroyed two times before. Now the Zionist on this site want to build their third Temple
Masjid al-Aqsa is a Gray colored Dome structure that was built in 1065 CE on the instructions of the Fatimid caliph al-Mustansir Billah. This mosques is facing Ka'bah (Makkah), the first Qibla.

Click on picture below to see full size.
Arial Photo Al-Aqsa
Click on picture below to see full size. Dome of the Rock

Dome of the Rock is not Masjid al-Aqsa.

In the picture below, Al-Aqsa compound shows five major structures identified by colors:
Dome of the Rock  The Dome of the Rock
Al-Madrasah Al-Nahwiyah  Al-Madrasah Al-Nahwiyah
Prayer Hall of Al-Aqsa  Main Prayer Hall of Al-Aqsa
Al Musalla Al-Marwani   Al Musalla Al-Marwani (Underground)
Nisaa' Musalla  Nisaa' Musalla al-Aqsa Compound

Bayt al-Maqdis (Al-Aqsa) literally means the holy/sacred house. It is basically a reference to the the compound of Al-Aqsa Mosque (or Masjid Al-Aqsa). Al-Aqsa Mosque is the entire piece of land surrounded by the walls. Part of the Mosque's western wall (al-Buraq wall) was confiscated by Israel in 1967 and called Wailing Wall of Jewish shrine. The Mosque's plateau is largely an open-air area with limited structures including the main prayer building at southern side (Qibla direction) of the compound and the golden dome at its central rock.

  • Most scholars are of the opinion that Masjid Al Aqsa was first built by Prophet Adam.

  • Ibrahim (as) rebuilt the Masjid Al Aqsa in Jerusalem as he and Ismail rebuilt the Ka'ba in Makkah.

  • Prophet Daud (as) began the rebuilding of Masjid Al Aqsa.

  • It was Prophet Sulayman (as) who finally completed the building of Masjid Al Aqsa.

  • Masjid Al Aqsa built by Sulayman (as) was destroyed in 587 BC by Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon.

  • The Jews call this same Masjid Al Aqsa built by Sulayman as their Temple.

  • The Jews re-built their Temple on the same site in 167 BC but was destroyed in 70 CE and Jews were banished from Jerusalem.

  • The site of Masjid Al Aqsa remained barren and was used as a rubbish tip for nearly 600 years until the Great Khalifah Umar bin Khattab liberated Jerusalem in 637/638 CE.

  • The Khalifah Umar bin Khattab began the foundation of Masjid Al Aqsa and a timber mosque was built.

  • The Umayyad Khalifah, Abd' al Malik ibn Marwan in 691/692 CE [72/73 AH] began the construction of Dome of the Rock. Today this is the Golden Domed building.

  • The al Buraq wall or Western Wall where Prophet Muhammad tied his animal (the Buraq) on the night journey of al Isra is what the Jews call the wailing wall.

  • To Muslims it is the whole compound of Bayt al-Maqdis which is most holy and important.

  • The sacred area of Bayt al-Maqdis has within it the Main Prayer Hall of Masjid Al Aqsa [Black Domed Building] and Dome of the Rock Building [the Golden Dome Building].

  • Israel occupied Bayt al-Maqdis in 1967 CE.

  • The Zionist Jews have made 100's of attempts to destroy Masjid Al-Aqsa since 1967 when they occupied it. A fire in 1967 started by their help and destroyed the 900 year old Mimbar installed by Salahudeen Ayyubi, the Great Muslim Hero.
Click on picture below to see full size.
Masjid Aqsa Al-Musalla Al-Marwani is an underground structure built around the same period that Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa was built. The Prayer Hall was bulit by the Islamic Umayyad Khalifa, Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Al-Musalla Al-Marwani
top Back to Top    Updated November 15, 2021